December 13 Holidays, Events & Observances

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December 13 holidays, events, national day around the world. These are December 13 holidays, festivals, celebrations, observances, events; December 13 national days, food days, fun days and celebrations on December 13.

December 13 holidays and observances
December 13 Holidays and Observances

Welcome, as we take you through special holidays in December, international holidays in December 13, national days in December 13. Some major December 13 national day and International holidays list in December calendar.

Our planet is brimming with diversity and cultures that are rich in folklore and traditions. Holidays are a great way to learn about our neighbors and expand our own universe.

There are literally thousands of holidays throughout the world. And here on Big Holiday, you can find a large variety of popular, cultural, religious, and offbeat holidays.

Explore holidays, festivals, and observances celebrated around the world and more happenings worth remembering, from our comprehensive list of December 13 national days or public holidays with dates and information on the origin and meaning of holidays.

We have documented the long list of observances on December 13, notable events, national days in December 13, federal to regional holidays from all over the world. Also included are possible special bank holidays which falls on December 13 globally.

Month of December

The month of December brings many holidays, feasts, and happenings!Learn all about the 12th month on the calendar, a short history, and what the month is known for! From St. Nicholas Day to the Geminid Meteor Shower to Christmas, it’s a busy month of the year. Just remember to grab a cup of cocoa and relax when you can. 

December is the 12th month (and last month) in our modern-day Gregorian calendar (as it was in the preceding Julian calendar).

However, it was originally the 10th month of the Roman calendar (until 153 BC). Hence, “December” comes from the Latin word decem, meaning “ten.”

Holidays in December

The word holiday has differing connotations in different regions. It can exclusively be refer to the nationally, religiously or culturally observed day(s) of rest or celebration, or the events themselves. While the word may refer to the period of time where leave from one’s duties has been agreed.

The concept of holidays is also often originated in connection with religious observances. The intention of a holiday was typically to allow individuals to tend to religious duties associated with important dates on the calendar. In most modern societies, however, holidays serve as much of a recreational function as any other weekend days or activities.

Meanwhile few of holidays in December are: National Fritters Day, International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, National Mutt Day | National Mixed Breed Dog Day, Pan American Health Day, Special Education Day, World Computer Literacy Day, National Roof over Your Head Day, International Day of Persons with Disabilities, Make a Gift Day, and more.

December 13 holidays and observances
December 13 Holidays and Observances

December 13 Holidays, National Day

December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 18 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1901

  • 1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 – The Council of Trent begins as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.
  • 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman is the first recorded European to sight New Zealand.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1758 – The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people.
  • 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
  • 1818 – Cyril VI of Constantinople resigns from his position as Ecumenical Patriarch.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union Major General Ambrose Burnside.
  • 1867 – A Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.

20th century

  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and slaughter hundreds of thousands of civilians.
  • 1938 – The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1939 – The Battle of the River Plate is fought off the coast of Uruguay; the first naval battle of World War II. The Kriegsmarine’s Deutschland-class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with three Royal Navy cruisers: HMS Ajax, HMNZS Achilles and HMS Exeter.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
  • 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
  • 1959 – Archbishop Makarios III becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1960 – While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaims him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.
  • 1962 – NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels.
  • 1968 – Brazilian President Artur da Costa e Silva issues AI-5 (Institutional Act No. 5), enabling government by decree and suspending habeas corpus.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwalk” of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
  • 1974 – Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1974 – In the Vietnam War, the North Vietnamese forces launch their 1975 Spring Offensive (to 30 April 1975), which results in the final capitulation of South Vietnam.
  • 1977 – Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.
  • 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, largely due to the actions by Solidarity.
  • 1982 – The 6.0 Ms  North Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800, and injuring 1,500.
  • 1988 – PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.
  • 1989 – The Troubles: Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches an attack on a British Army temporary vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and two others are wounded.
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21st century

  • 2001 – Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.
  • 2002 – European Union enlargement: The EU announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members on May 1, 2004.
  • 2003 – Iraq War: Operation Red Dawn: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
  • 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon is signed by the EU member states to amend both the Treaty of Rome and the Maastricht Treaty which together form the constitutional basis of the EU. The Treaty of Lisbon is effective from 1 December 2009.

Births

Pre-1801

  • 1272 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
  • 1363 – Jean Gerson, chancellor of the University of Paris (d. 1429)
  • 1476 – Lucy Brocadelli, Dominican tertiary and stigmatic (d. 1544)
  • 1484 – Paul Speratus, German Lutheran (d. 1551)
  • 1491 – Martín de Azpilcueta, Spanish theologian and economist (d. 1586)
  • 1499 – Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (d. 1558)
  • 1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • 1533 – Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
  • 1553 – Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
  • 1560 – Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1641)
  • 1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640 – Robert Plot, English chemist and academic (d. 1696)
  • 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)
  • 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)
  • 1769 – James Scarlett Abinger, English judge (d. 1844)
  • 1780 – Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner’s lamp (d. 1849)
  • 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)

19th century

  • 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)
  • 1816 – Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, 16th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1830 – Mathilde Fibiger, Danish feminist, novelist and telegraphist (d. 1892)
  • 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Herman Bavinck, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Svetozar Boroević, Croatian-Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and author (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Emily Carr, Canadian painter and author (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Jane Edna Hunter, African-American social worker (d. 1971)
  • 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian and bibliographer (d. 1950)
  • 1884 – Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor, director, and playwright (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1887 – George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1897 – Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1900 – Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970)
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1901–1920

  • 1901 – Olev Roomet, Estonian singer, violinist, and bagpipe player (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Ann Barzel, American writer and dance critic (d. 2007)
  • 1906 – Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Laurens van der Post, South African-English soldier and author (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Brazilian historian and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Van Heflin, American film actor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (d. 1958)
  • 1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Luiz Gonzaga, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Archie Moore, American boxer and actor; world light-heavyweight champion (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Arnold Brown, English-Canadian missionary, 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Alan Bullock, English historian and author (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German captain and pilot (d. 1942)
  • 1920 – George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State (d. 2021)

1921–2000

  • 1921 – Turgut Demirağ, Turkish film producer, director and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1927 – James Wright, American poet and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor and producer (d. 2021)
  • 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Türkan Saylan, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1936 – Prince Karim al-Husayn Shāh, Aga Khan IV, Swiss humanitarian and religious leader
  • 1938 – Gus Johnson, American basketball player; elected to Hall of Fame in 2010 (d. 1987)
  • 1940 – Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Howard Brenton, English playwright and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1948 – Lillian Board, British athlete; European champion at 400m and 800m (d. 1970)
  • 1960 – Richard Dent, American pro football player (NFL); MVP of Super Bowl XX; elected to Hall of Fame in 2011
  • 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor, singer, songwriter, producer, and comedian
  • 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer, songwriter and pianist; co-founder and lead vocalist of Evanescence
  • 1984 – Santi Cazorla, Spanish international footballer with 81 caps
  • 1984 – Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish freestyle swimmer; 2003 world champion in the 100 m freestyle
  • 1988 – Rickie Fowler, American Ryder Cup golfer on the PGA Tour; three-time runner-up in major tournaments
  • 1989 – Hellen Obiri, Kenyan runner; twice world champion in the 5000 metres event
  • 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress

Deaths

Pre-1701

  • 558 – Childebert I, Frankish king (b. 496)
  • 769 – Du Hongjian, Chinese politician (b. 709)
  • 838 – Pepin I of Aquitaine (b. 797)
  • 859 – Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan
  • 1124 – Pope Callixtus II (b. 1065)
  • 1126 – Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1075)
  • 1204 – Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
  • 1250 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
  • 1272 – Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher
  • 1404 – Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1336)
  • 1466 – Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)
  • 1516 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer and historian (b. 1462)
  • 1521 – Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1557 – Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician and engineer (b. 1499)
  • 1565 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1516)
  • 1621 – Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1671 – Antonio Grassi, Italian Roman Catholic priest(b. 1592)

1701–1900

  • 1716 – Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 – Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor (b. 1676)
  • 1729 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (b. 1676)
  • 1754 – Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1696)
  • 1758 – Noël Doiron, Canadian Acadia leader (b. 1684)
  • 1769 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and hymn-writer (b. 1715)
  • 1783 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer and demographer (b. 1717)
  • 1784 – Samuel Johnson, English poet and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814 – Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
  • 1849 – Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, German botanist and entomologist (b. 1766)
  • 1862 – Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1863 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1868 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – August Šenoa, Croatian author and poet (b. 1838)
  • 1883 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (b. 1816)
  • 1895 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist and engineer (b. 1800)
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1901–1950

  • 1908 – Augustus Le Plongeon, French photographer and historian (b. 1825)
  • 1919 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1922 – Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)
  • 1922 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)
  • 1924 – Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Mehmet Nadir, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Rosina Heikel, Finnish physician (b. 1842)
  • 1930 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 – Gustave Le Bon, French psychologist, sociologist, and anthropologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1853)
  • 1935 – Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1942 – Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Austrian-Polish religious leader, 26th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Irma Grese, German concentration camp guard (b. 1923)
  • 1945 – Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, Polish-German concentration camp supervisor (b. 1919)
  • 1947 – Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist, painter, and philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1950 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1902)

1951–

  • 1954 – John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Dora Marsden, English author and activist (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
  • 1962 – Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974 – Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Egyptian-Turkish journalist, author, and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Oguz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (b. 1934)
  • 1979 – Jon Hall, American actor and director (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Behçet Necatigil, Turkish author, poet and translator (b. 1916)
  • 1983 – Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Heather Angel, British-American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Smita Patil, Indian actress and journalist (b. 1955)
  • 1992 – K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Vanessa Duriès, French author (b. 1972)
  • 1995 – Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1996 – Edward Blishen, English author and educator (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Lew Grade, Ukrainian-born British impresario and media proprietor (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Richard Thomas, Royal Naval Officer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Wade Watts, civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist who founded The Lovin’ Spoonful (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – David Wheeler, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Noah Klieger, Holocaust survivor who became an award-winning Israeli journalist (b. 1926)

Holidays and observances

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13 December is the feast day of St Lucy

Christian feast days

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  • St Antiochus of Sulcis
  • St Judoc aka St Joyce
  • St Lucy
  • St Odile of Alsace

Others

  • Acadian Remembrance Day (Acadians)
  • National Day (Saint Lucia)
  • Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day (Poland)
  • Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
  • Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
  • Republic Day (Malta)
  • Sailor’s Day (Brazil)
  • Saint Lucia Day (mainly in Scandinavia)

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  • BBC: On This Day
  • The New York Times: On This Day
  • Historical Events on December 13
  • Today in Canadian History

December 13 Day, the conclusion

Here, we strive to thoroughly research and report details of each one as accurately as possible.

This calendar for the national days of December (December 13 in particular) gives a quick look at the day of the month to find out what food, drink or topic December 13 day celebrates.

Every day of the month is like a new chapter in a book that you haven’t read before. Use this handy list to help plan for the month ahead for your favorite national day.

Check out more December events, December holidays, events and observances. or by checking any date from the calendar below.

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